The East-Med Pipeline: a new regional energy shift or not?

Since its inception, Israel was an energy-starved country surrounded by hostile, oil-rich neighbours. This perception changed in 1999 with the discovery of the Noa gas field off the shores of Ashkelon. However, the discovery of more major natural gas fields in Israel since 2009, including Tamar and Leviathan, has transformed Israel from an energy-dependent country into an energy supplier, both domestically and abroad.

Revisionist Territorialism: Turkish Foreign Policy Unravelled

In the past few months, Erdogan’s boisterous efforts to revivify the glory of the Ottoman Empire have dominated national and international headlines. The combination between the desire to form a strengthened and more assertive Turkey bearing the glory of its empire years has been termed “neo-Ottomanism”. Once one of the strongest and heavily multi-ethnic empires, stretching from the eastern Mediterranean to the heart of the Middle East, Turkey has recently commemorated a new turn in its foreign policy, one seeking the glory and security of the past.

Overview of the Nagorno Karabakh War

In the recent weeks we have been flooded with information regarding the recently reignited conflict. However, this war isn’t of recent development, the area has known tensions since decades. The historic tension is generated by a discrepancy between who is de facto in control over the region, Armenia and who is de jure recognized as the Sovereign of the land, Azerbaijan. Nagorno Karabakh is an 11,458 square kilometers area with an estimated population of 143,000, the majority of which is ethnically Armenian, around 95%.

From Strategic Depth to Blue Homeland, understanding Turkey’s strategic positioning

During the last few months the Eastern Mediterranean Sea became a particularly troubled hot spot with Turkey, Greece, and France being the main conflicting players. On one side we see Turkey, trying to assert its interests as well as those of Turkish-Cypriots. On the other, Greece, together with the strong support of France and of the Republic of Cyprus.

Turkish Incursion in Cypriot Gas Fields: Provocation or Strategy?

In 2019 and in the first half of 2020, Turkey has sent some drillships in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea, in particular in the south of Cyprus, in order to look for new gas and oil fields without asking permission from Cyprus and the EU. The problem is that the area where Turkey has sent its drillships is an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of Cyprus, an area which cannot be violated by another country and whose resources can be only exploited by the country to which it belongs. It is for this reason that the EU, especially Cyprus and Greece, has strongly condemned Ankara’s incursion. The situation is very complicated and, as well as the never-ending fight for energy resources and the different aims of involved countries, the decennial problem between Cyprus and Turkey has been brought back into the spotlight.