Europe’s Quest for EV Battery Independence: Challenges and Opportunities in Reducing Reliance on East Asian Suppliers

The technological revolution in electric vehicles has provided a rare opportunity for some East Asian countries to overtake certain traditional European automotive powerhouses in the past. However, considering the current situation where East Asian suppliers almost dominate one of the core markets in the electric vehicles era, namely electric vehicle (EV) batteries, Europe is rapidly strategising to develop its domestic EV battery industry. Leveraging various technological advantages accumulated during the era of internal combustion engines and necessary policy support, Europe seeks to regain at least autonomy in the domestic EV battery production and endeavours to participate in the future global competition within the EV battery sector.

NEW CALEDONIA’S CHOICE. A HISTORICAL AND GEOPOLITICAL OVERVIEW OF FRANCE’S FORMER COLONY INDEPENDENCE REFERENDA

This article aims at analyzing the history of New Caledonia, highlighting its colonial past, its current status as a French overseas territory, the fight for autonomy brought forward by native Kanaks and the geopolitical implications that New Caledonia’s independence would imply.

COMMERCIAL INFLUENCE OF CHINA IN LATIN AMERICA: POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC IMPLICATIONS FOR THE ENERGY STRATEGY OF THE EU

The current global geopolitics, characterized by the expansion of Chinese influence and its growing rivalry with the United States, often limits academic study to the regional implications in the Asia-Pacific and Middle East. This article emphasizes on the increasing insertion of China in Latin America, as well as its implications for the European Union (EU) in the current energy crisis and transition to renewable alternatives.

Tracing the History of China-US Relations and the Hopes for a Promising Future

The meeting between President Joseph R. Biden Jr. and President Xi Jinping held in Bali, Indonesia on the 14th of November, was perceived with some degree of optimism among westerners’ commentators. The two leaders reiterated that competition should never veer into conflict and highlighted that the United States and China must always keep lines of communication, to ensure the continuation of an amicable and productive rivalry.

Doubling Down: Geopolitical Consequences of the 20th Chinese Communist Party Congress

Not long ago, following an article written by a former professor of the Central Party School involved in the ideological structuring of the Communist Party, Western media went aflame with speculation that privacy concerns related to increasingly aggressive diplomacy, Zero-Covid policy with other domestic, and foreign policy concerns could lead to a reckoning and potential changes of top party leadership behind closed doors within the CCP.

The Economic and Geopolitical Rationale of the Belt and Road Initiative

In 2013, the People’s Republic of China adopted the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), a global infrastructure investment project involving 71 countries that are projected to boost global annual GDP by US$ 7 Trillion by 2040. Through the BRI, China aims to connect Asia, Europe, and Africa via railway lines and ports, forming six economic corridors as seen in the map above. During this article, we will explore the financial and strategic rationale behind the implementation of the BRI.

Water: China’s most valuable asset ?

The Tibetan Plateau is the biggest source of freshwater in the world. No less than 3 billion people depend on the rivers from which the plateau originates. One of the biggest, taking its source in Tibet, is the Brahmaputra river. With its origin in the northern Himalaya region, the river is known under the name of Yarlung Tsangpo in Tibet. It flows east along the Himalaya mountains until it reaches the Namcha Barwa mountain in China, and then turns South to enter the Indian frontier region of Arunachal Pradesh. Downstream, the river Brahmaputra flows towards Bangladesh, which is the last country to control this natural resource.

Rare-Earth Elements: Basis of The Future Economy or Geopolitical Weapon?

In the last decades, the world witnessed an important dispute about Rare-Earth Elements (REE), which passed quite unnoticed. Although these materials are unknown to many people, they are essential in many fields of the modern economy. Currently, the REE market is ruled by China, which controls the production and distribution of most of the world’s resources and, recently, has furtherly increased its influence. On the other side, this dependence on Beijing is considered as a threat for other developed countries. Given the huge importance of this business, many strategies and alliances are being set up since no one wants to lose the train heading towards the future economy.

The Acceleration of US-China Conflict

Too often, we are being confronted with numerous analyses about the impact that COVID-19 is having on the economy, the healthcare system, and on societies. However, the geopolitical impact is less discussed, maybe due to the uncertainty of predicting future relations between countries. In this study of consequences of the pandemic the common denominator is that the crisis is enhancing and exacerbating underlying problems that were emerging prior to the outbreak.