A War of Choice – A deep dive into the French 2013 intervention in Mali and the reasons behind it

On the 11th of January 2013, the French President François Hollande launched “Operation Serval”, as the Malian operation is generally called by French officials, which lasted until the July 15th of the following year, when it was renamed Operation Barkhane. Here are some elements to understand the reasons behind this armed intervention.

The Future of Sustainable Shipping

Seaborne shipping accounts for circa 90% of world trade and studies show how the maritime sector will be responsible for 10% of global GHG emissions by 2050. Until now not enough has been done to lower and monitor emissions generated by this sector and binding agreements between countries have been proven to be insufficient. As climate movements sprout around the world, International Maritime Organization (IMO), chose “Sustainable shipping for a sustainable planet” to be the 2020 World Maritime theme.