Since its inception, Israel was an energy-starved country surrounded by hostile, oil-rich neighbours. This perception changed in 1999 with the discovery of the Noa gas field off the shores of Ashkelon. However, the discovery of more major natural gas fields in Israel since 2009, including Tamar and Leviathan, has transformed Israel from an energy-dependent country into an energy supplier, both domestically and abroad.
The current Israeli-Palestinian conflict dates back to 1947. In 1947, the United Nations adopted Resolution 181, which sought to divide the British Mandate of Palestine into Arab and Jewish states. On May 14, 1948, the State of Israel was created, sparking the first Arab-Israeli War. The war ended in 1949 with Israel’s victory.