The Istanbul Canal is the name of a prospective waterway that should cover a large distance and hinder ships from crossing the Bosporus and reaching the Black Sea. It has been termed as one of the most crucial projects of this decade for Turkey, and is considered as more than just a future construction. What are the political implications of this project and what could it mean for the future of geopolitics and international relations in the greater region?
What happened on February 1st, 2021 in Myanmar has taken the world by storm. Early in the morning, Myanmar leader Aung Sang Suu Kyi and other senior figures from the ruling party, the National League for Democracy (NLD), were detained in a raid carried out by the military after seizing control over the country in a military coup and declaring a year-long state of emergency.
In the last decades, the world witnessed an important dispute about Rare-Earth Elements (REE), which passed quite unnoticed. Although these materials are unknown to many people, they are essential in many fields of the modern economy. Currently, the REE market is ruled by China, which controls the production and distribution of most of the world’s resources and, recently, has furtherly increased its influence. On the other side, this dependence on Beijing is considered as a threat for other developed countries. Given the huge importance of this business, many strategies and alliances are being set up since no one wants to lose the train heading towards the future economy.
Located at the Horn of Africa, where the heat mixes with the humidity to create the climate that favors the eruption of clashes, Ethiopia stands proud, carrying centuries of history and culture on its back. Landlocked and separated from the rest of the Muslim-dominated African countries, it now finds itself battling internal demons apart from external foes. What started as a border skirmish between Ethiopia and Eritrea in 1998 has now escalated into a fully developed civil war that threatens the status quo. But who is Abiy Ahmed and who are Tigray’s so-called liberation fighters?
Since its inception, Israel was an energy-starved country surrounded by hostile, oil-rich neighbours. This perception changed in 1999 with the discovery of the Noa gas field off the shores of Ashkelon. However, the discovery of more major natural gas fields in Israel since 2009, including Tamar and Leviathan, has transformed Israel from an energy-dependent country into an energy supplier, both domestically and abroad.
Donald Trump campaigned as a saviour for middle America; he promised a revitalization of the coal industry and manufacturing across the Rust Belt. He was an outspoken critic of climate change, often calling it a “hoax”. He opened the Arctic National Wildlife Reservoir to oil drilling and issued over 1400 permits to drill on federal land in his last three months as president alone. America’s limited environmental progress in recent decades has been fueled by the transition from coal to natural gas, a significantly cleaner energy source.
Too often, we are being confronted with numerous analyses about the impact that COVID-19 is having on the economy, the healthcare system, and on societies. However, the geopolitical impact is less discussed, maybe due to the uncertainty of predicting future relations between countries. In this study of consequences of the pandemic the common denominator is that the crisis is enhancing and exacerbating underlying problems that were emerging prior to the outbreak.
Greenland is important in that controlling the island provides significant access to the Arctic Ocean, abundant in resources such as oil, natural gas, iron ore, copper and nickel. Emerging sea routes, due to the reduction of ice sheets, further increase the geopolitical capital of holding influence over the region.